Will India need to import heavy water?

India has perhaps the world’s most advanced nuclear energy program.  The nation has some 20 reactors now (90% of which are heavy water moderated types) and plans to add approximately 60,000 MW of new nuclear energy generation by 2032.  Heavy water reactors will remain a significant portion of the planned role out.  In addition to four more heavy water reactors coming on stream in 2015 and 2016, the attached article outlines India’s near term plan of adding 16 heavy water reactors and notes that these reactors are demonstrated to be highly economical and reliable.  This many reactors will require a tremendous amount of deuterium oxide (heavy water) which could be substantially higher than India’s current ability to supply. For more information on deuterium oxide uses click thru to page.